Nikolai Konstantinovich Roerich (1874–1947)
Nikolai Konstantinovich Roerich was born in St. Petersburg in 1874 and died in India in 1947. Other biographical details, especially from childhood and youth, are unclear and surrounded by legends both by himself and his followers.
Together with his wife Helena, he founded spiritualistic circles in pre-revolutionary Russia, culminating in the doctrine of "living ethics".
From the mid-twenties onwards, the Roerichs traveled for several years to India, China, Mongolia and Tibet in search of the mystical centre of the Mahatmas.
During this time countless pictures were created in which Roerich depicted his expeditions and his mental world.
At the beginning of his artistic career, he painted subjects of the old Moscovite mythical and knightly world and also designed several stage sets and costumes.
Known more as a mystic and adventurer than a painter, Nikolai Roerich lived an extraordinary, bizarre and dazzling life, which is still shrouded in mystery.