Friedrich Engels (1820 – 1895)
28th November 2020 - 200th Birthday of Friedrich Engels.
Friedrich Engels, 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895,
German philosopher, social scientist, journalist and businessman.
Engels founded Marxist theory together with Karl Marx and in 1845 published The Condition of the Working Class in England, based on personal observations and research in Manchester, where his father owned a cotton mill.
In 1848, Engels co-authored The Communist Manifesto with Marx and also authored and co-authored (primarily with Marx) many other works.
Later, Engels supported Marx financially to do research and write Das Kapital.
After Marx's death, Engels edited the second and third volumes. Additionally, Engels organised Marx's notes on the Theories of Surplus Value, which he later published as the "fourth volume" of Capital.
Engels's interests included poetry, fox hunting, and hosting regular Sunday parties for London's left-wing intelligentsia where, as one regular put it, "no one left before two or three in the morning." His stated personal motto was "take it easy", while "jollity" was listed as his favourite virtue.