Fidus (1868 - 1948)
Fidus (Hugo Reinhold Karl Johann Höppener) was born in 1868 in Lübeck and began his artistic training at the Munich Academy in 1887. After a few months he left the academy and became a student of Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach, who influenced him with his style and gave him the pseudonym "Fidus".
As a supporter of ideas of life reform, nudism and a mystical religion of nature, he worked with this world of thought and combined Art Nouveau with esoteric elements.
His famous painting "Light Prayer" became an icon of the life reform movement and was created by the artist in in many variations.
After moving from Munich to Berlin in 1892, Fidus established himself as a busy artist and worked as an illustrator for magazines such as Sphinx, Pan, Simplicissimus and Jugend.
At the end of the First World War he lost his artistic influence and was not able to revive his earlier success. During the National Socialist era Fidus was only tolerated as an artist, even though he became a member of the NSDAP in 1932.
He died on 23 February 1948 in his estate in Woltersdorf near Berlin, also called "Fidushaus".