Paul Cézanne (1839 - 1906)
Cézanne's complete oeuvre can be classified in different styles. While his early works were still characterized by Romanticism and Realism, his later works developed a new visual language by focusing on impressionistic color space and color modulation principles.
His paintings, however, were characterized by a stringent geometric composition, which mostly caused a lack of understanding among art critics. During his lifetime, Cézanne was mainly supported by some colleagues such as Pissarro, Manet and Renoir as well as the gallery owner Ambroise Vollard.
His influence was vital for some of the most important art styles of the 20th century, such as Cubism, Fauvism and Constructivism. This makes Cézanne and his works one of the pioneers of Modern Art.