Once Upon a Time... Riga
Photo Album of a Baltic German.
In the 12th and 13th centuries Catholic Germans, both traders and crusaders, began settling in the eastern Baltic territories.
In 1881 there were 180,000 Baltic Germans in Russia's Baltic provinces, but by 1914 this number had declined to 162,000.
Baltic German history and presence in the Baltics came to an end in late 1939, following the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact and the subsequent Nazi–Soviet population transfers. Nazi Germany resettled almost all the Baltic Germans under the Heim ins Reich program into the newly formed Reichsgaue of Wartheland and Danzig-West Prussia (on the territory of the occupied Second Polish Republic).
In 1945, most ethnic Germans were expelled from these lands by the Soviet army.
Berlin, Sammlung Archiv für Kunst und Geschichte.